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The title of Grand Master of the Knights Templar was held by the supreme commander of the Poor Fellow-Soldiers of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon (more commonly known as the Knights Templar), starting with the Order's founder, Hugues de Payens, c. 1118. While many Grand Masters chose to hold the position for life, abdication was not unknown. Some masters chose to leave for life in monasteries or diplomacy, while others often led the Order into battle, leading from the front line, and thus making some tenures rather short.

Each country had its own Master, and the Masters reported to the Grand Master. He oversaw all of the operations of the Order, including both the military operations in the Holy Land and Eastern Europe, and the financial and business dealings in the Order's infrastructure of Western Europe. The Grand Master controlled the actions of the Order but he was expected to act the same way as the rest of the knights. After the Pope issued a Papal Bull on behalf of the Templars, the Grand Master was obliged to answer only to Rome.

List of Grand Masters[]


Jacques de Maloy was the last Grand Commander of the Order.

  1. Hugues de Payens (1118-1136)
  2. Robert de Craon (1136-1147)
  3. Everard des Barres (1147-1149)
  4. Bernard de Tremelay (1149-1153)
  5. André de Montbard (1153-1156)
  6. Bertrand de Blanchefort (1156-1169)
  7. Philippe de Milly (1169-1171)
  8. Odo de St Amand (1171-1179)
  9. Arnold of Torroja (1181-1184)
  10. Gérard de Ridefort (1185-1189)
  11. Robert de Sablé (1191-1193)
  12. Gilbert Horal (1193-1200)
  13. Phillipe de Plessis (1201-1208)
  14. Guillaume de Chartres (1209-1219)
  15. Pedro de Montaigu (1218-1232)
  16. Armand de Périgord (1232-1244)
  17. Richard de Bures (1244/5-1247) (Disputed)[1]
  18. Guillaume de Sonnac (1247-1250)
  19. Renaud de Vichiers (1250-1256)
  20. Thomas Bérard (1256-1273)
  21. Guillaume de Beaujeu (1273-1291)
  22. Thibaud Gaudin (1291-1292)
  23. Jacques de Molay (1292-1314)

Notes and references[]

  1. Armand de Périgord was either killed or captured at the battle of La Forbie; authorities differ. Richard de Bures commanded the Templars until the election of Guillame de Sonnac; whether he was Grand Master is disputed. See here.

See also[]